Leadership and motivation

By Jose on 16.04.2010 // 4:01 pm in General

Motivation is a key word for a company, its essence and the key to success, productivity, competitiveness… The real leader knows how to motivate. A good and knowledgeable businessman, director, or boss leading a great team will be beaten by other projects and initiatives in the mid-term if he/she does not know how to motivate his people.

In a company, a leader is the person who proves he/she can coordinate a team. In order to learn leadership capacity, accepting mistakes as part of the learning process is essential. The leadership capacity depends to a great extent on the leader’s ability to channel the knowledge of risk so that it becomes useful for the team work.

Motivation is at least as important as other key factors such as innovation capacity, investment capital or strategy. The way to motivate is one of the keys to success for the company. The art of motivation defines real leadership and is one of the most productive investments for a company.

Leaders have shown many different approaches regarding how they meet their responsibilities towards their followers. The most common method to analyze a leader’s behaviour is to classify the various existing leadership styles. Styles change depending on the duties he/she must carry out on his/her own, the responsibilities he/she wishes accepted and his/her philosophical commitment with performing and meeting his/her subordinates expectations. There are three leader types: the autocrat leader, who likes to be in charge of all the existing tasks because he/she does not trust his/her subordinates to do the job. The participatory leader, who does not delegate his right to make the final decision and who points out specific guidelines to his/her subordinates, but who also considers their ideas and opinions regarding many decisions that affect them.

Finally, the liberal leader, who we could say is the opposite of the autocrat leader. The liberal leader delegates the authority to make decisions to his/her delegates. In order for the decisions to be the best, subordinates must be highly qualified.

An important aspect we must underline is that being a boss is not the same thing as being a leader. A boss is such due to authority, he/she considers authority a command privilege, he/she inspires fear, he/she knows how are things done, he uses people as tokens and assigns tasks. On the contrary, a leader is such due to good will, he/she considers his/her authority a service privilege, he/she inspires trust, shows how things must be done, treats people well and sets an example.

Finally, these are the main traits that a leader must possess. He/she must belong to the group that he/she is leading. Each group devises its own ideal prototype, therefore there is not one single ideal for all groups. A leader must organize, watch, steer and sometimes just motivate the group to perform, or not to perform, certain actions, depending on the needs. These four leader skills are also called charisma.

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